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        本科学年毕业论文 应用型本科大学英语四、六级听力的提高

        版权:原创标记本站原创 星级:★★★★★3.0主题:本科毕业范文 级别:标准职称论文 范畴:电大学年论文 论文范文编号:biyelunwendq0366574 期刊发表:论文发表 全文字数:2000字 投稿作者:tsjybm 审稿编辑:著名学者 阅读次数:44783

        本文是一篇本科论文范文,可作为选题参考.

        应用型本科大学英语四、六级听力的提高【摘要】 本文通过介绍《大学实用英语视听说教程》,应用型本科院校学生的听力水平及影响学生听力理解的因素,简述通过该教材如何来提高学生的四、六级听力的应用能力。

        本科毕业论文 本科毕业

        广西应用型本科院校英语(旅游)专业师资队伍建设

        探究大学英语四、六级考试对大学生英语学习的反拨效应

        “3+2”高职本科分段式培养模式下的大学英语教学方法

        应用型本科大学英语后续课程建设之必要性

        【关键词】应用型本科 四、六级听力 应用能力

        一 引言

        在全国大学英语四、六级考试中,听力作为英语学习五项技能之首,在新题型中所占比重和难度都有所增加。大学英语四、六级考试总分为710分,听力占35%,折算下来听力的总分为248.5,从其所占的分值足以证明其重要地位。然而,一个不容乐观的现实是大部分应用型本科学生的听力理解能力欠佳,其在听力技能训练上投入的时间和精力与成绩不成正比。鉴于这种情况,本文分析了学生的听力水平及影响学生听力理解的因素,并结合所在学校本科生使用的《大学实用英语视听说教程》,简述如何通过该教材来提高学生的四级听力水平。

        二 影响大学生听力提高的因素

        笔者结合多年的实践教学经验,发现大部分应用型本科的大学生英语听力水平都受以下几个因素的影响:

        1.心理素质不好,主要表现为:(1)注意力不集中。在听力训练或测试中,有些学生注意力无法集中,在听时往往漏掉重要信息或关键词。这种状态一旦形成习惯,必会影响听力效果。(2)自卑心理。在做听力训练时,要求学生在很短的时间内准确地了解听力材料所表达的意思,并在题目中选对答案。时间的限制无形中给学生增加了很大压力,听出来并不意味着能够充分理解话语含义,这就会进一步造成学生心理上的紧张,自身实力得不到正常的发挥。久而久之,学生的心理负担加重,便产生了消极心理,丧失听力训练的兴趣和信心。(3)脆弱心理。这种心理在有些英语基础较差的学生身上能够明显体现出来。这些学生在课堂活动中畏首畏尾,当被提问时,也是极不情愿,回答理由声音小、说话少,或者因为紧张而不开口,对听力课怀有某种抵触情绪。这种现象在本科教学中较为常见,此种心理无形的使学生在听之前就人为设置了障碍。(4)焦虑心理。在听力训练过程中,有些学生在答题时遇到难题往往很焦虑,情绪急躁。学生的这种自责心理和急躁情绪会导致注意力分散,无法继续有效听音,从而形成了恶性循环。所以,思想应高度集中,而情绪又不过度紧张。这样才能最大限度地提高听觉器官接受声音信号的灵敏度,达到理想的听音效果。因此,要教会学生学会制约住自己的焦虑情绪,在轻松积极的心理状态下,沉着、稳定地发挥出听觉本身的最佳效力。

        2.欠缺良好的语言环境。语言是人类用于交流的最好工具,然而学习语言最需要良好的语言环境。众所周知,学龄前儿童虽然不会看书写字,但却能很自如地与人交流,那是因为他们从小就处在母语语言环境下,在与人们的交流中自然地掌握了听说的能力。而我国的学生是在非母语环境中学习外语,又由于汉语与英语是两个不同语系的语言,且有着不同的文化背景和风俗习惯,无形中增加了听力理解的难度。正如刘润清教授指出的那样:“大多数第二语言学习者,在非目的语国家里学习,其语言环境实在可怜。只有在有限的课堂时间里听到一点语言,而且不是为交流而进行的语言?!庇纱?,语言环境对我们学习一门语言是极其重要的。

        本科开题报告范文

        英语文学本科论文英语专业本科论文答辩大学英语毕业论文英语自考本科论文大学英语论文提纲吉林大学本科论文

        3.英语基础知识不扎实。(1)缺乏词汇量。词汇是英语学习的基石,没有一定的词汇量作为基础,想提高听力水平无从谈起。词汇的匮乏一方面表现为听力理解中的生词太多,无法听懂;另一方面表现为在听的过程中对词汇的反应时间过长,或者对某个熟悉的词汇的一个简单的变形(如前后缀)听不懂。这说明学生对词汇的掌握不够扎实,不够灵活。(2)语音基础不扎实。虽然有些学生词汇量比较大,但是由于受母语或方言影响,发音不准,导致准确性差,辨音能力弱,对英语发音的特点和规律掌握不好,对听力材料中出现的连读、弱读、失去爆破等音不能做出快速准确的理解,由此影响了听力理解效果。

        应用型本科大学英语四、六级听力的提高学年毕业论文范文相关参考属性
        有关论文范文主题研究: 关于本科论文范例 大学生适用: 2000字专升本毕业论文
        相关参考文献下载数量: 96 写作解决问题: 如何怎么撰写
        毕业论文开题报告: 文献综述、论文题目 职称论文适用: 杂志投稿、高级职称
        所属大学生专业类别: 本科毕业 论文题目推荐度: 经典本科题目

        4.缺乏应试技巧。很多学生做四级听力题时,片面注重对文章整体内容的理解而忽视了最终目的是为了答题这一原则,因而这些学生虽然感觉对文章大意有所理解,但做题时却不能找到正确答案。

        三 《大学实用英语视听说教程》简介

        普通高等学?!笆濉惫婊滩摹ご笱涤糜⒂锵盗薪滩闹洞笱涤糜⒂锸犹到坛獭?,共四册,每册八个单元。该教程选材地道、难度适中、体例新颖活泼,富有时代感和创新性。

        本教程每个单元的内容包括以下几个部分:Part I Warm-up; Part II Listen and watch; Leisure time; Part III Let’s talk; Part IV Supplementary tasks.另外,该教材在难度上不仅充分考虑教材使用者的目的语实际水平,而且还真正把应用性放在第一位,把学生的就业需要充分考虑进去。

        四、如何利用《大学实用英语视听说教程》提高听力水平

        听力水平的好与坏,在很大程度上决定了考生能否顺利过级,而且考生普遍对新题型的听力不适应、跟不上、得分偏低。如何科学复习、切实提高听力水平和听力成绩已成为广大考生必须面对和深思的迫切理由?!洞笱涤糜⒂锸犹到坛獭氛馓紫盗薪滩?,非常好的告诉学生如何去提高听力的应用能力。

        1.Part II Listen and watch中,Section one Listen for pronunciation skills 和 Section three Read after me的听力训

        2

        参考范文:

        [1]应用型本科大学英语四、六级听力的提高

        [2]适应大学英语四六级考试的听力课堂实战

        优秀评论

        怎样撰写本科本科论文?此文是一篇本科开题报告范文论文范文,为你的毕业论文提供有价值的参考,是听力和学生和语言开题报告范文,对相关文献综述及职称论文参考文献资料下载有帮助.

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