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        学科观点函授毕业论文 例在初中生物概念教学中渗透学科观点

        版权:原创标记本站原创 星级:★★★★★3.0主题:芬兰电子学科博士范文 级别:完整学术论文 范畴:本科毕业论文 论文范文编号:biyelunwendq0342255 期刊发表:刊物发表 全文字数:5000字 投稿作者:znckin 审稿编辑:知名学者 阅读次数:51497

        本论文可用于学科观点论文范文写作参考研究.

        例谈在初中生物概念教学中渗透学科观点摘 要:对“人体内废物的排出”一节中所要传递的生物学重要概念和一般概念进行分析,并进一步通过概念的传递过程帮助学生形成“生物体结构与功能相适应”的这一基本观点。

        芬兰电子学科博士论文 芬兰电子学科博士

        关于初中生物概念教学

        初中生物概念教学探究

        模型建构初中牛物概念教学

        中学物理核心概念教学学生的核心素养

        关键词:废物的排出;重要概念;渗透;学科观点

        生物学重要概念居于学科中心地位,是一种教师希望学生理解并能在忘记其非本质信息或周边信息后,仍能应用的概念性知识。生物学重要概念是最主干的知识,也是教师必须清楚地呈现给学生的知识。而学科观点的教育融知识教育、能力培养和情感态度价值观教育为一体,是学科教育不可缺少的部分。生物学基本观点的形成对于学生今后生活的影响远远比知识来得巨大。本文以“人体内废物的排出”为例,探析如何在初中生物重要概念教学中渗透学科观点。

        一 梳理知识,绘制概念图

        受传统教学策略制约,教师在概念教学中往往削平学生的思维梯度,缩短学生的认知过程。教师仍然习惯于用讲述的方式直接给出定义,直接进入抽象概括阶段,致使学生对概念的学习缺乏真正的理解与深思。这种急功近利的学习方式不能帮助学生掌握正确的生物学学习策略,培养其生物学科学思维能力,提高其生物科学素养。因此,教师在进行本节的教学活动设计时,要有清晰的思路,要深思本节的重要概念是什么一般概念是什么重要概念与学生原有概念之间有什么联系这就要求教师首先要明确2011年版《义务教育生物学课程标准》中的具体内容标准,在此基础上阅读教材,区别教材中的概念与事实,再列出相关的概念,区分其中的重要概念和下位的一般概念,然后梳理知识,绘制出本节课的概念图。

        例在初中生物概念教学中渗透学科观点毕业论文相关参考属性
        有关论文范文主题研究: 关于学科观点论文范例 大学生适用: 8000字学院学士论文
        相关参考文献下载数量: 12 写作解决问题: 写作技巧
        毕业论文开题报告: 论文提纲、论文结论 职称论文适用: 期刊发表、职称评初级
        所属大学生专业类别: 芬兰电子学科博士 论文题目推荐度: 优质学科观点选题

        1.区分事实性知识和概念性知识

        本节课的事实性知识包括:(1)泌尿系统包括肾脏、输尿管、膀胱和尿道。(2)形成尿液的器官是肾脏。(3)尿的形成和排出过程——肾单位中的肾小球和紧贴着它的肾小囊内壁起过滤作用。当原尿流经肾小管时,全部葡萄糖、大部分的水和部分无机盐等被肾小管重新吸收。(4)健康人肾动脉中的血浆、肾小囊中的液体和尿液中的有关数据。

        概念性知识包括:(1)泌尿系统的功能是排除废物和多余的水。(2)人体将二氧化碳、尿素,以及多余的水和无机盐等排出体外的过程叫做排泄。(3)生物体的结构与功能相适应。(4)人体各个系统相互联系、相互协调,以完成生命活动。(5)人体的组织、器官和系统的正常工作为细胞提供了相对稳定的存活条件,包括营养、氧气等以及排除废物。其中(2)为一般概念,(1)(4)(5)为本节的重要概念,(3)为生物学基本观点。

        2.绘制概念图

        概念图能揭示概念之间的密切联系及其层级关系。通过辨析本节课的事实性知识和概念性知识并明确重要概念、一般概念及生物学观点,绘制出“人体内废物的排出”概念图,构建本节的知识框架。

        在此基础上教师在概念教学中应将帮助学生深层理解这些概念作为课堂教学的重心。根据学生的认知能力和现有经验,按照一定的次序逐层展开,用具体事实作为铺垫来帮助学生构建概念。

        二 自主构建概念

        明确本节课的事实性知识和概念性知识的关系后,课堂教学中要为学生提供丰富、具体、形象的图片资料,引导学生观察。提供可靠的实验数据,引起学生深思、讨论,开展学习活动。让学生基于感性认识的基础上帮助学生自主建构概念,建立概念、理解概念。

        1.设疑导入

        “大家都知道在你们的身体里有许多的细胞,这些细胞的生活一定需要物质和能量。有机物通过消化系统的消化和吸收由循环系统运输到细胞。氧气通过呼吸系统及循环系统到达细胞。细胞中的有机物氧化分解后会产生废物。这些废物如何排出体外呢”通过多媒体展示下图进行设疑导入,引入“人体内废物的排出”的教学。此图承上启下并能引起学生的深思。同时也是对“人体的组织、器官和系统的正常工作为细胞提供了相对稳定的存活条件,包括营养、氧气等以及排除废物?!焙汀叭颂甯鞲鱿低诚嗷チ?、相互协调,以完成生命活动?!闭饬礁鲋匾拍畹某醪节故?。

        2.围绕教学主线,构建概念

        学生理解生物学的基本观点,如,生命的物质性、生物的整体性、结构与功能相适应、生命活动对立统一、生物进化等观点,对事实性知识的理解就会更深刻,在以后的学习和生活中也可以应用生物学的基本观点来分析解决错综复杂的生命现象和规律。本节课将围绕“泌尿系统的结构与其功能相适应?!闭庖唤萄е飨?,逐一展开各个概念的教学。

        (1)排泄概念的教学。学生在“排泄”这一概念的教学前普遍存在着前科学概念。学生对于“排泄”这一概念存在错误的理解源于没有掌握其概念的内涵。因此,可通过提问让学生说出哪些物质的排出人体属于排泄。再引出排泄的概念,并指出“食物残渣”不被吸收进入细胞,不是细胞的代谢产物,其排出不属于排泄。

        (2)“泌尿系统的功能是排除废物和多余的水”的概念教学,首先展示“泌尿系统示意图”,使学生了解人体泌尿系统的组成以及各器官的关系和功能。通过展示“肾脏形态示意图”,比较与肾脏相连的三条管道(肾动脉、肾静脉、输尿管)中液体成分的不同,初步得出肾脏的功能是形成尿液。由此自然而然提出理由:“肾脏具有哪些结构特点与其功能相适应”紧扣主线展开教学。再展示“肾脏内血管造影图”“肾脏纵剖图”,使学生明白肾脏内有丰富的血管,有大量的血液流经肾脏。通过比较肾脏皮质和髓质颜色和质地,使学生产生疑问,进而知道尿液在肾脏的什么部位产生。再抛出“光学显微镜下观察肾实质图”“电子显微镜下观察

        2

        金融学学科导论

        物理教学论文题目高中生物教育教学论文物理教师教学论文初中物理教育教学论文生物教学论文网医学论文刊物

        参考材料:

        [1]对高中生物概念教学的初步

        [2]对高中生物概念教学的初步

        [3]生物概念教学

        结束语

        如何撰写学科观点硕士论文?该文是金融学学科导论论文范文,为你的写作提供相关参考,适合不知如何写概念和学生和肾脏方面的大学硕士和本科毕业论文.

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