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        蒙古族论文范文 蒙古族传统的敖包文化

        版权:原创标记本站原创 星级:★★★★★5.0主题:蒙古族文化特点分哪些范文 级别:精品论文范例 范畴:博士学士论文 论文范文编号:biyelunwendq0164142 期刊发表:杂志投稿 全文字数:8000字 投稿作者:pdlqgh 审稿编辑:权威学者 阅读次数:34703

        本论文可用于蒙古族论文范文写作参考研究.

        蒙古族传统的敖包文化在蒙古草原,经??梢钥醇蟠笮⌒〉陌桨?,“敖包”是蒙古语的音译,“堆子”、“石碓”或“鼓包”的意思。

        蒙古族文化特点分哪些论文 蒙古族文化特点分哪些

        蒙古族传统居住习俗习惯

        少数民族地区非物质文化遗产数字化?;ぁ诎硬刈迩甲遄灾沃莺谒氐牡鞑?/a>

        践行蒙汉文化交流的使者——记蒙古族双语作家、文学翻译家乌雅泰

        漫话蒙古族传统年俗

        敖包的形式,各地区大体一样,即在圆坛之上,积石为台,台基上面分成大、中、小三层,重叠成圆锥体,周围涂一白垩,使之坚固。形似烽火台,高约十余丈。遥望如尖塔,直入云霄。平时任风雨吹淋。设有敖包的山陵或山丘,一般都是地势宽广,风景优美的地方,而且便于举行文体游艺活动。

        蒙古族俗语

        统计学论文题目统计职论文经济统计学论文民族音乐欣赏论文统计学论文范文统计学论文选题

        敖包的数目,各地不等。有的是单独的一个敖包;有的是群敖包,即7个敖包并列,中间为主体,两旁各陪衬3个小敖包;也有一个大敖包居中,东、南、西、北各陪衬3个小敖包,成为十三敖包群,汉人称为“十三太?!?。

        敖包的种类也很多,按年代分,有的地方有成年人崇拜的敖包;按地域分,有的归一屯所有,有的归数屯所有,或一家所有,或一旗共有之。

        蒙古族祭祀祭敖包,有各种传说。有的说,敖包就是神的化身,是什么神说法不一。有说是代表山神的,有说是代表水神、龙神,也有说是代表庙神或祖先的。

        崇拜、祭祀、赞美的诸神,首先是天神腾格里,然后才是其他诸神。而祈求神灵的是:赐予幸福,消除恶魔。

        那木吉拉在《浅谈蒙古族的敖包祭奠》一文 绍的敖包赞词写道:

        在蒙古族传统信仰中,天神处于至高无上的地位,因为他们坚信是天神赐予了其赖以为生的牲畜。据宝斯尔《鄂尔多斯风情录》:在蒙古民族的传说中,马是天上的仙女头上落下的宝钗变成的,因此马是天上降下来的神骘。

        蒙古族传统的敖包文化毕业论文模板范文相关参考属性
        有关论文范文主题研究: 关于蒙古族论文范例 大学生适用: 3000字学院论文
        相关参考文献下载数量: 37 写作解决问题: 写作参考
        毕业论文开题报告: 标准论文格式、论文总结 职称论文适用: 论文发表、职称评中级
        所属大学生专业类别: 蒙古族文化特点分哪些方向 论文题目推荐度: 免费蒙古族选题

        生育万物的天神当然关系到人类的繁衍,蒙古牧人认为是天神赐予了人类以生命。为了牲畜的繁衍和人类生命的诞生和延续,人们祈求天神攘除各种灾难以保障作为其食物来源的动物的丰盛富足和人类自身的繁衍无尽。而崇拜高山成为蒙古族崇拜天的同义语,在戈壁草原上,高高耸立、连绵起伏的崇山峻岭都是他们崇拜的对象。

        蒙古族对地神的崇拜是在对天神的崇拜下产生的。古代蒙古人认为,每个地方都有专管该地的神祗,叫乃布达克、沙布达克,译为风水,此为主管该地的灵魂。

        对地神的祈求与对天神的祈求是同样的。而且,蒙古族对地神的崇拜也与山神的崇拜联系在一起,认为高山是地母的 。

        敖包是由土石与树枝组成的,关于这一点,邢莉在《草原文化》一书中认为,这与蒙古族崇石崇柳的习俗有关。蒙古族有“人自石出”的神话传说,在阿勒泰的史诗里有“孤儿英雄,你的生父是硕大的石头”的描绘。在英雄史诗《江格尔》里写道:“白音查干巴特尔,他的父母都是石头”。并且很多英雄的脐带是用火镰石割断的。

        敖包祭祀大致有血祭、酒祭、火祭、玉祭四种。

        血祭,就是把自己家最好的肥牛、肥羊宰杀之后,恭恭敬敬地供奉在敖包前。如今,这种祭法是很少见了。

        酒祭,就是把鲜奶、奶油、奶酒,一滴一滴地洒在敖包前,祈求幸福。在蒙古包做客,常见主人在喝酒之前,要以手指蘸些酒,弹向东、西、南,表示敬神。

        火祭,就是在敖包前,烧一大堆干树枝,或一大堆干牛马羊粪,祭祀各户走近火边,排列成队绕火三圈,并念着自家的姓氏,供上祭品把全羊肉投入火堆里一同燃烧,烧的越旺越好。

        蒙古族的萨满教认为火是最圣洁的,因而以火祭敖包。

        玉祭,在古代玉是很贵重的,它常常是奉神的供献品。在远古的祭祀和招魂中成为仪式法器,是人神相同的桥梁。蒙古族在祭敖包时,也有这种礼俗。祭敖包的时间一般选择在农历五月或七月,这正是水草丰美、牛羊肥壮的时刻,是草原上的黄金季节。这个季节,草原上绿草繁茂好似给大地铺上了地毯;牛羊成群,就像大地洒满了珍珠。鲜花开放,鸟语花香,沁人心脾。蒙古牧人骑着骏马从四面八方赶来,祭祀敖包一般要在红日初升之时,牧人认为这是吉祥的时辰。

        祭祀时,敖包上插上树枝或栽一根木杆,上挂五颜六色的布条或纸旗,旗上写经文。牧人有的行跪拜礼,有的行躬首礼,献上哈达、美酒、奶食、肉食等,默默地祈愿。向诸神表达牧人的存活 与精神需求。祈求天神赐予雨水,祈求地神赐予丰草,使牧人的生活平平安安,人畜两旺。牧人把最鲜美的食物献给了自己的?;ど?,把最美好的祝福带回了自己的家。

        随着社会的发展和蒙古族人民物质文化生活水平的不断提高,长期历史积淀的敖包文化其内容更加丰富多彩。

        牧人们在举行了传统的祭祀仪式之后,还进行多种多样具有民族特色的体育娱乐活动,如 、摔跤、射箭、唱歌等。最后,祭祀的人,开怀畅饮,尽兴狂欢。其间老年人要取所谓的“阿尔山”(圣水),给畜群洒注。青年男女往往借此溜出,登山游玩,相互追随,谈情说爱,约定终身。人们所熟悉的“敖包相会”之歌,就是青年男女相约敖包前,相互抒发爱恋之情的真实写照。

        参考论文:

        [1]民族传统体育的文化人类学计量

        [2]民族传统体育的文化人类学计量

        结束语

        怎样撰写蒙古族本科论文?这是一篇与蒙古族俗语论文范文相关的免费优秀学术论文范文资料,为你的论文写作提供参考,可用于敖包和蒙古族和牧人方面的的大学硕士和本科毕业论文以及相关论文开题报告写作参考.

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